What is vitiligo?
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Vitiligo or white patches also knowns as a type of leukoderma is a cosmetically frustrating problem (does not have any systemic effects) which affects 1-3% of the population. Though not a serious life-threatening disorder, it has an impact on the person's social life and thus psychologically.
It is characterized by areas of hypopigmented or depigmented patches on the skin surface due to loss of melanocytes(melanin - producing cells). These spots can be many or few; they may be tiny or cover the body. It can be localized to one area or spread over different areas of the body, can be stable or spreading, have childhood or adult onset.
What are the treatment options?
Treatment available at Skinarina include phototherapies (UVA and UVB), 308nm excimer light, Immuno therapies and surgery.
Who can undergo the treatment
Every vitiligo patient can undergo the treatment. However, patients with facial, neck, arm and trunk patches are ideal candidates for this treatment whereas, patients who are aged, those having uncontrolled diabetes and those with involvement of more than 60% of the body surface are not encouraged enough for the treatments because results are variable in such candidates.
Which Treatment is ideal?
No single treatment is ideal. Each individual treatment has its own benefits and disadvantages. The ideal treatment is a combination of different modalities. This combination therapy is customized depending upon the age, duration, type of Vitiligo, area and extent of the disease.
Is the treatment permanent?
Since this is an autoimmune disorder there is no cure for vitiligo. Depending on the prognosis, the remission period may vary. De pigmentation of the treated area may not occur for a long period of time or in some cases the treatment is even permanent. Since this is an autoimmune disorder there is no cure for vitiligo.